Plants Starting With R [Full List]

Round-leaved chaste, Red star cordyline, Reed canary grass, Red wrightia and River tristania. These are a few plant names that we though of when we were asked about plant names that begins with R. But is there other plants with names beginning with the R alphabet? So we got our gear and started searching all over for all of these plant names. In this blog post, we put together a list of plants starting with R letter.

You may also like to check on our other lists on plant names

Since we are on the letter R, we thought you may like to check fruit names that start with letter R and flower names that start with letter R.

45 Plants Starting With R at a glance

We dug out a number of plant names beginning with R. In total, we were able to put a list of 45 of such names. Below is the list of plants beginning with R.

  1. Rooster flower (aka Aristolochia labiata)
  2. Red coffee bush (aka Breynia)
  3. Red-leaf breynia (aka Breynia disticha)
  4. Red powderpuff (aka Calliandra tergemina)
  5. Rosary vine (aka Ceropegia linearis)
  6. Robusta coffee (aka Coffea canephora)
  7. Red star cordyline (aka Cordyline australis)
  8. Rabbit’s foot fern (aka Davallia denticulata)
  9. Red beech (aka Dillenia alata)
  10. Rusty oil (aka Elaeocarpus ferrugineus)
  11. River red gum (aka Eucalyptus camaldulensis)
  12. Rusty fig (aka Ficus destruens)
  13. Rose kandis (aka Garcinia forbesii)
  14. Rengas (aka Gluta malayana)
  15. Ridley’s hoya (aka Hoya verticillata)
  16. Rotan semut (aka Korthalsia echinometra)
  17. Red latan palm (aka Latania lontaroides)
  18. Red tree-vine (aka Leea guineensis)
  19. Ribu-ribu (aka Lygodium microphyllum)
  20. Rose-scented geranium (aka Pelargonium graveolens)
  21. Reed canary grass (aka Phalaris arundinacea)
  22. Red betel (aka Piper ornatum)
  23. Ridley’s staghorn fern (aka Platycerium ridleyi)
  24. Rotan mantang (aka Plectocomia elongata)
  25. Red rhipsalis (aka Pseudorhipsalis ramulosa)
  26. Reed rhapis (aka Rhapis humilis)
  27. Rhipsalis (aka Rhipsalis teres)
  28. Rose cactus (aka Rhodocactus grandifolius)
  29. Red ruspolia (aka Ruspolia hypocrateriformis)
  30. Red salak (aka Salacca affinis)
  31. Red saraca (aka Saraca declinata)
  32. Ricefield bulrush (aka Schoenoplectiella mucronata)
  33. Rusty sterculia (aka Sterculia rubiginosa)
  34. River tarenna (aka Tarenna fragrans)
  35. River tristania (aka Tristaniopsis whiteana)
  36. Roebelen’s vanda (aka Vanda roeblingiana)
  37. Resak paya (aka Vatica lobata)
  38. Resak rawa (aka Vatica pauciflora)
  39. Resak irian (aka Vatica rassak)
  40. Rasak (aka Vatica venulosa)
  41. Round-leaved chaste (aka Vitex rotundifolia)
  42. Red wrightia (aka Wrightia dubia)
  43. Red penda (aka Xanthostemon verdugonianus)
  44. Rainbow (aka Dracaena reflexa)
  45. Ribbon fern (aka Ophioglossum pendulum)

More on Plants That Start With R

Rooster flower

Rooster flower has a scientific name of Aristolochia labiata. Rooster flower belongs to Aristolochiaceae family. Rooster flower is a climber plant. This plant is found in tropical and mediterranean areas. The height for this plant is around 2.4 to 3 metres.

Characteristics for leaves for Rooster flower:

  • color of leaves: green

Red coffee bush

Red coffee bush has a scientific name of Breynia. Red coffee bush belongs to Phyllanthaceae family. Red coffee bush is a shrub.

Red-leaf breynia

Red-leaf breynia has a scientific name of Breynia disticha. Red-leaf breynia belongs to Phyllanthaceae family. It is a woody shrub. It is found in tropical areas. The lifespan for Red-leaf breynia is perennial. This plant grows to a height of 0.3 to 1.2 metres. Red-leaf breynia has evergreen foilage.

Characteristics for leaves for Red-leaf breynia:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: pinnate
  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: alternate
  • texture of leaves: smooth
  • color of leaves: white, pink and green

Red powderpuff

Red powderpuff has a scientific name of Calliandra tergemina. Red powderpuff belongs to Fabaceae (Leguminosae) family. Red powderpuff is a woody shrub. It is found in regions with tropical climate. Its natural habitat is secondary rainforest. Red powderpuff grows in well-drained soils that is fertile and loamy. The lifespan for Red powderpuff is perennial. It has a height of 6 metres. The foilage of Red powderpuff is evergreen. This plant has a fruit of legume type that is black and brown in color.

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Characteristics for leaves for Red powderpuff:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: pinnate
  • texture of leaves: velvety
  • color of leaves: green

Rosary vine

Rosary vine has a scientific name of Ceropegia linearis. Rosary vine belongs to Apocynaceae family. Rosary vine is a trailing shrub. This plant grows to a height of 1.8 to 2.4 metres.

Robusta coffee

Robusta coffee has a scientific name of Coffea canephora. Robusta coffee belongs to Rubiaceae family. This plant is a tree.

Characteristics for leaves for Robusta coffee:

  • color of leaves: green

Red star cordyline

Red star cordyline has a scientific name of Cordyline australis. Red star cordyline belongs to Asparagaceae family. It is a shrub. The height for this plant is around 6 to 9 metres.

Characteristics for leaves for Red star cordyline:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: parallel
  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: spiral
  • texture of leaves: smooth
  • color of leaves: purple, brown and red

Rabbit’s foot fern

Rabbit’s foot fern has a scientific name of Davallia denticulata. Rabbit’s foot fern belongs to Davalliaceae family. Rabbit’s foot fern is a climber plant and epiphyte. This plant is found in regions with tropical climate. The lifespan for Rabbit’s foot fern is perennial. It grows to a height of 0.6 metres. The foilage of Rabbit’s foot fern is evergreen.

Characteristics for leaves for Rabbit’s foot fern:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: pinnate
  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: alternate
  • apex tip of leaves: acute
  • apex base of leaves: oblique
  • texture of leaves: leathery
  • color of leaves: green

Red beech

Red beech has a scientific name of Dillenia alata. Red beech belongs to Dilleniaceae family. It is a tree. It is found in tropical areas. This plant needs to have moist well drained soils. Its fruit is red in color.

Characteristics for leaves for Red beech:

  • color of leaves: green

Rusty oil

Rusty oil has a scientific name of Elaeocarpus ferrugineus. Rusty oil belongs to Elaeocarpaceae family. This plant is a tree. You may see this plant in tropical regions. This plant grows to a height of 31 metres.

Characteristics for leaves for Rusty oil:

  • color of leaves: green

River red gum

River red gum has a scientific name of Eucalyptus camaldulensis. River red gum belongs to Myrtaceae family. This plant is a tree. River red gum thrives in waterlogged soils. It has a height of 20 metres.

Characteristics for leaves for River red gum:

  • color of leaves: green

Rusty fig

Rusty fig has a scientific name of Ficus destruens. Rusty fig belongs to Moraceae family. This plant is a tree. The fruit of Rusty fig is brown and red in color.

Characteristics for leaves for Rusty fig:

  • texture of leaves: hairy
  • color of leaves: brown and green

Rose kandis

Rose kandis has a scientific name of Garcinia forbesii. Rose kandis belongs to Clusiaceae (Guttiferae) family. Rose kandis is a tree. This plant is found in places with tropical climate. It has a height of 18 metres. The colors of its fruit are purple and red.

Characteristics for leaves for Rose kandis:

  • texture of leaves: leathery
  • color of leaves: green

Rengas

Rengas has a scientific name of Gluta malayana. Rengas belongs to Anacardiaceae family. This plant is a tree. You may see it in tropical areas. The height for this plant is around 45 metres. The color of Rengas fruit is red.

Characteristics for leaves for Rengas:

  • color of leaves: green

Ridley’s hoya

Ridley’s hoya has a scientific name of Hoya verticillata. Ridley’s hoya belongs to Apocynaceae family. This plant is a climber plant and epiphyte. You can see them in primary rainforest, secondary rainforest, coastal forest and mangrove forest. Ridley’s hoya has a perennial lifespan. The pest for Ridley’s hoya is sucking insects.

Characteristics for leaves for Ridley’s hoya:

  • texture of leaves: thick
  • color of leaves: green

Rotan semut

Rotan semut has a scientific name of Korthalsia echinometra. Rotan semut belongs to Arecaceae (Palmae) family. This plant is a cluster palm. This plant is found in tropical areas. It is found in freshwater swamp forest. The colors of Rotan semut fruit are brown and red.

Red latan palm

Red latan palm has a scientific name of Latania lontaroides. Red latan palm belongs to Arecaceae (Palmae) family. Red latan palm is a solitary palm. Moist well drained soils is required for Red latan palm.

Characteristics for leaves for Red latan palm:

  • color of leaves: green

Red tree-vine

Red tree-vine has a scientific name of Leea guineensis. Red tree-vine belongs to Vitaceae family. This plant is a shrub.

Characteristics for leaves for Red tree-vine:

  • color of leaves: red

Ribu-ribu

Ribu-ribu has a scientific name of Lygodium microphyllum. Ribu-ribu belongs to Schizaeaceae family. It is a climber plant. This plant is found in tropical areas. This plant has a perennial lifespan. Ribu-ribu has evergreen foilage.

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Characteristics for leaves for Ribu-ribu:

  • color of leaves: green

Rose-scented geranium

Rose-scented geranium has a scientific name of Pelargonium graveolens. Rose-scented geranium belongs to Geraniaceae family. It is a shrub. Rose-scented geranium has a height of 1.3 metres.

Characteristics for leaves for Rose-scented geranium:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: palmate
  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: rosulate
  • apex tip of leaves: acute
  • texture of leaves: velvety
  • color of leaves: green

Reed canary grass

Reed canary grass has a scientific name of Phalaris arundinacea. Reed canary grass belongs to Poaceae (Gramineae) family. It is a grass-like plant. This plant is found in regions with sub-tropical climate. Reed canary grass needs to have well-drained soils.

Characteristics for leaves for Reed canary grass:

  • color of leaves: white and green

Red betel

Red betel has a scientific name of Piper ornatum. Red betel belongs to Piperaceae family. This plant is a climber plant. Moist well drained soils is required for Red betel.

Characteristics for leaves for Red betel:

  • texture of leaves: glossy
  • color of leaves: pink and green

Ridley’s staghorn fern

Ridley’s staghorn fern has a scientific name of Platycerium ridleyi. Ridley’s staghorn fern belongs to Polypodiaceae family. It is a epiphyte. It is found in regions with tropical and sub-tropical climate. This plant is found in primary rainforest, secondary rainforest and freshwater swamp forest. This plant has a perennial lifespan. The height for Ridley’s staghorn fern is around 0.5 to 0.6 metres. Ridley’s staghorn fern has evergreen foilage.

Characteristics for leaves for Ridley’s staghorn fern:

  • texture of leaves: leathery
  • color of leaves: green

Rotan mantang

Rotan mantang has a scientific name of Plectocomia elongata. Rotan mantang belongs to Arecaceae (Palmae) family. Rotan mantang is a cluster palm. This plant is found in tropical areas. This plant grows to a height of 50 metres. Its fruit is brown and red in color.

Red rhipsalis

Red rhipsalis has a scientific name of Pseudorhipsalis ramulosa. Red rhipsalis belongs to Cactaceae family. This plant is a succulent plant. This plant thrives in well-drained soils. It has a perennial lifespan. Its fruit is white in color.

Reed rhapis

Reed rhapis has a scientific name of Rhapis humilis. Reed rhapis belongs to Arecaceae (Palmae) family. This plant is a cluster palm.

Characteristics for leaves for Reed rhapis:

  • color of leaves: green

Rhipsalis

Rhipsalis has a scientific name of Rhipsalis teres. Rhipsalis belongs to Cactaceae family. It thrives in well-drained soils. The lifespan for Rhipsalis is perennial. The height for Rhipsalis is around 1.5 metres. The fruit of Rhipsalis is white in color.

Rose cactus

Rose cactus has a scientific name of Rhodocactus grandifolius. Rose cactus belongs to Cactaceae family. This plant is a shrub. The Rose cactus fruit is green, yellow and red in color.

Characteristics for leaves for Rose cactus:

  • texture of leaves: thick and smooth
  • color of leaves: green

Red ruspolia

Red ruspolia has a scientific name of Ruspolia hypocrateriformis. Red ruspolia belongs to Acanthaceae family. This plant is a woody shrub. It is found in tropical areas. This plant has a perennial lifespan. The height for Red ruspolia is around 1 to 2 metres. Red ruspolia has evergreen foilage. The fruit of Red ruspolia is a capsule and is brown in color.

Characteristics for leaves for Red ruspolia:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: pinnate
  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: opposite
  • apex tip of leaves: acute and acuminate
  • apex base of leaves: rounded
  • texture of leaves: smooth
  • color of leaves: green

Red salak

Red salak has a scientific name of Salacca affinis. Red salak belongs to Arecaceae (Palmae) family. It is a cluster palm. You may see this plant in tropical areas. Primary rainforest is where you can find them. Its fruit is brown and red in color.

Characteristics for leaves for Red salak:

  • color of leaves: green

Red saraca

Red saraca has a scientific name of Saraca declinata. Red saraca belongs to Fabaceae (Leguminosae) family. Red saraca is a small sized tree. It has evergreen foilage. The color of its fruit is purple.

Characteristics for leaves for Red saraca:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: pinnate
  • texture of leaves: glossy and smooth
  • color of leaves: green

Ricefield bulrush

Ricefield bulrush has a scientific name of Schoenoplectiella mucronata. Ricefield bulrush belongs to Cyperaceae family. This plant is a grass-like plant. This plant grows in waterlogged soils. Its lifespan is perennial. This plant grows to a height of 1.5 metres. Ricefield bulrush has evergreen foilage. The fruit of Ricefield bulrush is brown in color and is a achene.

Characteristics for leaves for Ricefield bulrush:

  • apex tip of leaves: mucronate
  • color of leaves: brown

Rusty sterculia

Rusty sterculia has a scientific name of Sterculia rubiginosa. Rusty sterculia belongs to Malvaceae family. Rusty sterculia is a medium sized tree. It is found in tropical regions. Their natural habitats are primary rainforest, secondary rainforest and freshwater swamp forest. Rusty sterculia needs to have moist well drained soils that is fertile and loamy. The lifespan for Rusty sterculia is perennial. This plant grows to a height of 6 to 20 metres. This plant has evergreen foilage. The fruit of Rusty sterculia is a follicle and is red in color.

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Characteristics for leaves for Rusty sterculia:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: pinnate
  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: alternate and spiral
  • texture of leaves: papery and leathery
  • color of leaves: green

River tarenna

River tarenna has a scientific name of Tarenna fragrans. River tarenna belongs to Rubiaceae family. It is found in tropical areas. Their natural habitats are primary rainforest, secondary rainforest and riverine. Its lifespan is perennial. The foilage of River tarenna is evergreen. The fruit of River tarenna is a berry and is black and purple in color.

Characteristics for leaves for River tarenna:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: pinnate
  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: opposite
  • apex tip of leaves: acuminate
  • apex base of leaves: rounded
  • texture of leaves: leathery
  • color of leaves: green

River tristania

River tristania has a scientific name of Tristaniopsis whiteana. River tristania belongs to Myrtaceae family. It is a medium sized tree. You may see it in tropical areas. Its natural habitat is primary rainforest, secondary rainforest, coastal forest and riverine. This plant needs to have moist well drained soils that is fertile and loamy. Its lifespan is perennial. This plant grows to a height of 24 metres. River tristania has evergreen foilage. The River tristania fruit is a capsule with brown and green colors.

Characteristics for leaves for River tristania:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: pinnate
  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: alternate
  • apex tip of leaves: acute
  • apex base of leaves: cuneate
  • texture of leaves: glossy and leathery
  • color of leaves: green

Roebelen’s vanda

Roebelen’s vanda has a scientific name of Vanda roeblingiana. Roebelen’s vanda belongs to Orchidaceae family. It is a epiphyte. The lifespan for this plant is perennial.

Resak paya

Resak paya has a scientific name of Vatica lobata. Resak paya belongs to Dipterocarpaceae family. This plant is a tree. It is found in areas with tropical climate. This plant needs to have moist well drained soils.

Characteristics for leaves for Resak paya:

  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: alternate
  • color of leaves: green

Resak rawa

Resak rawa has a scientific name of Vatica pauciflora. Resak rawa belongs to Dipterocarpaceae family. Resak rawa is a medium sized tree. It is found in places with tropical climate. This plant thrives in moist well drained soils. Its fruit is brown in color.

Characteristics for leaves for Resak rawa:

  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: alternate
  • apex base of leaves: cuneate
  • color of leaves: green

Resak irian

Resak irian has a scientific name of Vatica rassak. Resak irian belongs to Dipterocarpaceae family. It is a tree.

Characteristics for leaves for Resak irian:

  • color of leaves: green

Rasak

Rasak has a scientific name of Vatica venulosa. Rasak belongs to Dipterocarpaceae family. Rasak is a tree. This plant is found in tropical areas. You can see them in primary rainforest, inland cliff, freshwater swamp forest and riverine. It thrives in moist well drained soils that is fertile and loamy. The foilage of Rasak is evergreen. The fruit of Rasak is a nut and is brown in color.

Characteristics for leaves for Rasak:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: pinnate
  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: alternate
  • apex tip of leaves: acuminate
  • apex base of leaves: cuneate
  • texture of leaves: thin and leathery
  • color of leaves: green

Round-leaved chaste

Round-leaved chaste has a scientific name of Vitex rotundifolia. Round-leaved chaste belongs to Lamiaceae (Labiatae) family. This plant is a woody shrub. It has a perennial lifespan. Round-leaved chaste has evergreen foilage.

Characteristics for leaves for Round-leaved chaste:

  • apex tip of leaves: rounded
  • apex base of leaves: cuneate
  • texture of leaves: smooth
  • color of leaves: green

Red wrightia

Red wrightia has a scientific name of Wrightia dubia. Red wrightia belongs to Apocynaceae family. This plant is a shrub.

Characteristics for leaves for Red wrightia:

  • color of leaves: green

Red penda

Red penda has a scientific name of Xanthostemon verdugonianus. Red penda belongs to Myrtaceae family. Red penda is a woody shrub. This plant is found in regions with tropical climate. It is found in coastal forest. Red penda has a perennial lifespan. The height for Red penda is around 2 to 5 metres. This plant has evergreen foilage. Its fruit is a capsule with brown color.

Characteristics for leaves for Red penda:

  • venation pattern for its leaves: pinnate
  • arrangement of leaf along the plant stem: alternate
  • apex tip of leaves: rounded
  • apex base of leaves: acute
  • texture of leaves: glossy and leathery
  • color of leaves: green

Rainbow

Rainbow has a scientific name of Dracaena reflexa. Rainbow belongs to Asparagaceae family. It is a shrub. It has a height of 3 metres.

Characteristics for leaves for Rainbow:

  • color of leaves: white, green and red

Ribbon fern

Ribbon fern has a scientific name of Ophioglossum pendulum. Ribbon fern belongs to Ophioglossaceae family. It is a epiphyte. It is found in regions of tropical and sub-tropical climate. Their natural habitats are primary rainforest and secondary rainforest. The lifespan for this plant is perennial. Ribbon fern grows to a height of 0.4 to 1.2 metres. The foilage of Ribbon fern is evergreen.

Characteristics for leaves for Ribbon fern:

  • color of leaves: green

Conclusion

We have come to the end of this post. Hopefully, our list is of some use to you.

Before you go, here’s another two interesting lists for you.