Diseases That Start With B

Diseases That Start With B

Our post today takes a deep dive into the world of diseases that start with B.

Diseases are afflictions that can disrupt the normal processes of the human body and disrupt its metabolic and physiological balance. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including infection, inflammation, genetics, environmental factors, and lifestyle choices. The classification of disease is based on various criteria, such as severity, duration, location, and etiology. Understanding and treating diseases is the focus of many branches of medical science, including epidemiology, immunology, and pharmacology.

I began my journey of compiling the list of diseases for each alphabet with a clear approach in mind. I knew that it was going to be an extensive task that required time and dedication. And so, I spent hours upon hours researching and cross-referencing to ensure I don’t miss any known condition that starts with each letter.

So, let’s begin exploring this list of diseases starting with B!

Contents

107 Diseases That Start With B

And here’s the list of diseases that begin with B letter.

Brachydactyly type B

Brachydactyly type B is a genetic condition that affects the fingers and toes. It is characterized by shortening of the distal phalanges, giving them a bulbous appearance. The condition is caused by mutations in the ROR2 gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion.

Bathophobia

Bathophobia is an irrational fear of depths. It is a type of phobia and can be caused by a traumatic experience or sometimes even without any apparent cause. Individuals with this phobia may avoid activities and places that involve deep water or heights.

Benign familial hematuria

Benign familial hematuria is an inherited condition characterized by blood in the urine. It is caused by mutations in the COL4A3, COL4A4, or COL4A5 genes and is usually asymptomatic. However, in some cases, it may progress to kidney failure.

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Bilateral renal agenesis

Bilateral renal agenesis is a congenital condition where both kidneys fail to develop. It usually leads to stillbirth or death shortly after birth due to a lack of kidney function. However, in some cases, it can be detected prenatally and treated with dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Beta-thalassemia

Beta-thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that affects the production of hemoglobin. It is caused by mutations in the HBB gene and can cause anemia, bone deformities, and organ damage. Treatment may involve blood transfusions, iron chelation therapy, and bone marrow transplants.

Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome

Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome is a type of drug withdrawal that can occur after prolonged use of benzodiazepines. It is characterized by symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, muscle spasms, and seizures. Treatment may involve tapering off the medication, and in severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.

Bacterial pneumonia

Bacterial pneumonia is a respiratory infection caused by bacteria. It can be life-threatening, especially in the elderly, young children, and people with weakened immune systems. Symptoms may include cough, fever, chest pain, and difficulty breathing. Treatment involves antibiotics and supportive care.

Bloom syndrome

Bloom syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by sun sensitivity, short stature, and an increased risk of cancer. It is caused by mutations in the BLM gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.

Brazilian hemorrhagic fever

Brazilian hemorrhagic fever is a viral infection caused by the Sabiá virus. It is transmitted through contact with infected rodents or their excreta and is characterized by fever, muscle pain, bleeding, and shock. Treatment is supportive, and there is currently no specific antiviral therapy.

Burning mouth syndrome

Burning mouth syndrome is a condition characterized by a burning sensation in the mouth and tongue. It can be caused by various factors, including hormonal changes, medications, and nutritional deficiencies. Treatment may involve pain medication, antidepressants, and dietary changes.

Botulism

Botulism is a rare but potentially fatal condition caused by toxins produced by the Clostridium botulinum bacterium. It can be contracted through contaminated food, wounds, or intravenous drug use. Symptoms include paralysis, respiratory failure, and even death. Treatment involves antitoxin medication and supportive care.

Bantu siderosis

Bantu siderosis is a type of iron overload disorder that affects people with African ancestry. It is caused by a mutation in the SLC40A1 gene and can cause liver damage, diabetes, and heart disease. Treatment may involve phlebotomy, iron chelation therapy, and a low-iron diet.

Bacterial meningitis

Bacterial meningitis is a severe infection of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. It can be caused by various bacteria, including Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis. Symptoms may include fever, headache, stiff neck, and confusion. Treatment involves antibiotics and supportive care.

Berlin breakage syndrome

Berlin breakage syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by growth retardation, immune deficiency, and a predisposition to cancer. It is caused by mutations in the NHEJ1 gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.

Behr syndrome

Behr syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive optic atrophy and cerebellar ataxia. It is caused by mutations in the OPA1 gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.

Brittle bone disease

Brittle bone disease, also known as osteogenesis imperfecta, is a genetic disorder characterized by fragile bones that are prone to fracture. It is caused by mutations in the COL1A1 or COL1A2 genes and can cause deformities, hearing loss, and short stature. Treatment may involve medication, surgery, or physical therapy.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes that carry air to the lungs. It can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or environmental factors such as smoking. Symptoms may include cough, chest pain, and difficulty breathing. Treatment involves rest, hydration, and medication to relieve symptoms.

Basal ganglia diseases

Basal ganglia diseases are a group of disorders that affect the function of the basal ganglia, a part of the brain that controls movement and coordination. Examples include Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and dystonia. Symptoms may include tremors, muscle rigidity, and difficulty with balance and coordination. Treatment may involve medication, surgery, or physical therapy.

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Benign Essential Blepharospasmass

A condition that causes uncontrollable blinking and involuntary closing of the eyes.

Bacillus Cereus Infection

A type of food poisoning caused by a bacteria found in uncooked or contaminated food.

Banki Syndrome

A rare genetic disorder that affects the metabolism and causes severe developmental delays.

Bicuspid Aortic Valve

A condition in which the aortic valve has only two leaflets instead of three, which can lead to heart problems.

Brachydactyly

A genetic disorder characterized by shortness and deformity of the fingers and toes.

Bunion

A bony bump that forms at the base of the big toe and can cause pain and discomfort when walking.

Bromidrosiphobia

An irrational fear of body odor.

Boil

A painful, infected bump that develops under the skin and is filled with pus.

Blastoma

A type of cancer that originates in immature cells.

Beta Ketothiolase Deficiency

A rare metabolic disorder that affects the body’s ability to break down certain proteins and fats.

Brachydactyly Type C

A subtype of Brachydactyly characterized by short fingers and toes, with certain bones missing or fused together.

Branchio-Oculo-Facial Syndrome

A genetic disorder that affects the development of the face and neck, causing abnormalities in the ear, eye, and throat.

Benign Astrocytoma

A type of brain tumor that originates in the cells that support nerve cells.

Brain Cavernous Angioma

A type of abnormal blood vessel in the brain that can lead to seizures or other neurological symptoms.

Bladder Neoplasm

A type of cancer that develops in the tissues of the bladder.

Borderline Personality Disorder

A mental health disorder characterized by a pattern of instability in mood, self-image, and behavior.

Bruck Syndrome

A rare genetic disorder that affects bone development, causing deformities and brittle bones.

Bruton Type Agammaglobulinemia

A rare genetic disorder that affects the immune system and causes recurrent infections.

Bolivian Hemorrhagic Fever

A viral infection that can cause severe bleeding and organ failure.

Bethlem Myopathy

A rare genetic disorder that affects muscle function and causes weakness and joint stiffness.

Becker Disease

A genetic disorder that affects the muscles, causing muscle weakness and wasting.

Bacterial Endocarditis

A bacterial infection that affects the lining of the heart and heart valves.

Beta-Mannosidosis

A rare metabolic disorder that affects the breakdown of complex sugars.

Borreliosis

A bacterial infection transmitted by ticks that can cause a range of symptoms, including rash, joint pain, and fever.

Basal Cell Carcinoma

A type of skin cancer that originates in the basal cells of the outer layer of skin.

Bothriocephalosis

A parasitic infection caused by tapeworms that live in fish.

Bradykinesia

A symptom of Parkinson’s disease characterized by slowed movement and difficulty initiating movement.

Biliary Atresia

A rare liver disease that affects infants, causing bile to accumulate and leading to liver damage.

Brachydactyly Type E

A subtype of Brachydactyly characterized by short fingers and toes, with certain bones missing or fused together.

BANF Acoustic Neurinoma

A type of non-cancerous tumor that develops on the nerve that controls hearing and balance.

Bronchiectasis

A chronic lung condition where the bronchial tubes are damaged and widened.

Bartsocas

A rare syndrome characterized by abnormal facial features and limb defects.

Birdshot chorioretinopathy

An inflammatory eye condition that can cause blindness if left untreated.

Boomerang dysplasia

A rare genetic disorder that causes underdeveloped bones and respiratory problems.

Balantidiasis

A type of parasitic infection that occurs in the intestines of humans and animals.

Bowen

A type of skin cancer that is characterized by an abnormal growth of cells on the skin.

Bickel Fanconi glycogenosis

A type of metabolic disorder that affects the body’s ability to process and store glycogen.

Barbiturate overdose

A serious and potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when a person takes too much of a certain type of medication.

Berger disease

A type of kidney disease that is characterized by inflammation in the glomeruli.

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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

A chronic lung condition that occurs in premature infants.

Benign congenital hypotonia

A condition characterized by weak muscle tone and difficulty with movement in infants.

Ballard syndrome

A rare neurological condition that causes symptoms such as weakness and paralysis.

Brachydactyly type D

A genetic disorder that causes shortening of the middle finger and certain other finger bones.

Bone tumor

A mass or growth that occurs in bone tissue.

Blepharitis

An inflammation of the eyelids that can cause redness, itching, and irritation.

Black Death

A deadly bacterial infection that is transmitted to humans by fleas that have bitten infected animals.

Bone marrow failure

A condition in which the bone marrow is not able to produce enough blood cells.

B-cell lymphomas

Cancer that originates in the lymphatic system and affects B cells.

Bacterial gastroenteritis

An infection of the digestive tract caused by bacteria such as E. coli or Salmonella.

Bazex

A rare genetic disorder characterized by skin abnormalities and other physical and developmental problems.

Barber

A type of dermatitis that occurs in the beard area of men.

Blood platelet disorders

A group of conditions that affect the production and function of blood platelets.

Bulimia nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging.

Basilar artery migraines

A type of migraine headache that is caused by a narrowing of the basilar artery.

Babesiosis

A parasitic infection that is transmitted to humans by ticks.

Barbiturate dependence

A condition in which a person becomes addicted to barbiturates, which are a type of medication that can be used to treat anxiety and seizures.

Batten disease

A rare, inherited disorder that causes neurological problems such as seizures and vision loss.

Berylliosis

A lung disease caused by exposure to beryllium, a toxic metal.

Biotin deficiency

A condition in which a person does not get enough biotin, a type of B vitamin, in their diet.

Benign mucosal pemphigoid

A type of autoimmune disorder that causes blistering and scarring of mucous membranes.

Biemond syndrome

A rare genetic disorder that affects many parts of the body, causing abnormalities that are typically present from birth.

Bipolar I disorder

A mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated mood and depression, often with episodes of psychosis.

Benign fasciculation syndrome

A condition in which a person experiences muscle twitching or fasciculations, usually without any other symptoms or underlying disease.

Blue cone monochromatism

A rare genetic disorder that affects the eyes and causes difficulty distinguishing colors.

Black Fungus

A serious fungal infection that can affect people with weakened immune systems.

Barrett syndrome

A condition in which the lining of the esophagus is damaged by long-term acid reflux, potentially increasing the risk of esophageal cancer.

Brachman-de Lange syndrome

A genetic disorder that affects multiple body systems, causing a range of physical and developmental abnormalities.

Batrachophobia

A specific phobia of frogs or other amphibians.

Brain neoplasms

Abnormal growths in or around the brain, which can be benign or cancerous.

Branchio-oto-renal syndrome

A genetic disorder that affects the development of the ears, kidneys, and neck.

Bubonic plague

A highly infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, which is characterized by swelling and necrosis of the lymph nodes.

Buruli ulcer

A chronic, destructive skin infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium ulcerans.

BK virus nephritis

A kidney infection caused by the BK virus, which can be a complication of kidney transplantation or other immune system deficiencies.

Bjornstad syndrome

A rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormal hair, hearing loss, and abnormalities of the nails and teeth.

Bronchogenic cyst

A rare type of cyst that typically occurs in the chest and is formed from remnants of embryonic development.

Bangstad syndrome

A rare genetic disorder that affects the endocrine system, leading to various hormone-related symptoms and complications.

Berdon syndrome

A rare disorder that affects the muscles of the digestive system, causing abdominal distension and other gastrointestinal issues.

Beals syndrome

A genetic disorder that affects the connective tissues of the body, causing a range of physical abnormalities.

Bone neoplasms

Abnormal growths in bone tissue, which can be benign or cancerous.

Brucellosis

An infectious disease caused by the bacteria of the Brucella genus, which can be contracted by humans through exposure to animals or animal products.

Bannayan

Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome, a rare genetic disorder that causes benign growths and developmental abnormalities.

Barth syndrome

A rare genetic disorder that affects the function of mitochondria in the body, leading to a range of symptoms and complications, particularly in males.

Breast cancer

A cancer that starts in the cells of the breast and can spread to other parts of the body.

Black piedra

A fungal infection of the hair caused by a type of yeast called Piedraia hortae.

Brittle cornea syndrome

A rare genetic disorder that affects the connective tissues of the body, causing a range of physical abnormalities including thinning and fragility of the cornea.

Baritosis

A lung disease caused by prolonged exposure to barium dust or other compounds containing barium.

Beriberi

A disease caused by thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency, which can affect the nervous system, cardiovascular system, and other parts of the body.

Bacterial food poisoning

A type of foodborne illness caused by the consumption of food contaminated with bacteria such as Salmonella, E. coli, or Listeria.

Blood vessel disorder

A general term for a range of conditions affecting the arteries, veins, and capillaries of the body.

Wrapping Up

And that’s our list of B diseases.

As a medical enthusiast, compiling a list of diseases that starts with every letter of the alphabet was a fun and engaging task for me. I was determined to ensure that the list I created was accurate, authentic, and complete. Therefore, I left no stone unturned and verified every single medical term I came across.

After analyzing the various types of diseases, it is safe to say that they are one of the greatest challenges that humanity faces in present times. While we have made great strides in medical research, the incidence of diseases continues to grow. This calls for a more holistic approach towards tackling diseases, starting from prevention to providing innovative treatments.

Hope this post on diseases beginning with B alphabet has been useful to you!