Diseases That Start With G

Diseases That Start With G

Today’s post is all about diseases that start with G.

Diseases are afflictions that can disrupt the normal processes of the human body and disrupt its metabolic and physiological balance. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including infection, inflammation, genetics, environmental factors, and lifestyle choices. The classification of disease is based on various criteria, such as severity, duration, location, and etiology. Understanding and treating diseases is the focus of many branches of medical science, including epidemiology, immunology, and pharmacology.

Compiling a list of diseases that began with every alphabet was a fascinating challenge for me. I approached this task by breaking it down by each alphabet. After thorough research, I categorized each condition by the letter, and then double-checked it with reputable medical sources to validate the correctness of every item.

So, let’s begin exploring this list of diseases starting with G!

Contents

99 Diseases That Start With G

And here’s the list of diseases that begin with G letter.

Gastrointestinal neoplasm

Gastrointestinal neoplasm is a term used to describe tumors that develop in any part of the digestive system, including the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, anus, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder. Some common symptoms of gastrointestinal neoplasm include abdominal pain, weight loss, change in bowel habits, rectal bleeding, anemia, and fatigue. Treatment options for gastrointestinal neoplasm include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy.

Genuphobia

Genuphobia is the fear of knees or the fear of kneeling. This phobia can be triggered by the sight of knees, by imagining oneself kneeling, or by the thought of being forced to kneel. Symptoms of genuphobia can include anxiety, panic attacks, and avoidance behavior. Genuphobia can be treated with therapy, counseling, and exposure therapy.

Glutaricaciduria I

Glutaricaciduria I is a rare inherited disorder in which the body is unable to properly process certain amino acids. This results in a buildup of toxic substances in the body that can cause damage to the brain, muscles, and other organs. Symptoms of Glutaricaciduria I include delayed development, seizures, weak muscle tone, and movement problems. Treatment for Glutaricaciduria I includes a special diet and medications.

Granuloma annulare

Granuloma annulare is a chronic skin condition that causes raised, reddish or skin-colored bumps in a ring-like pattern. The condition can affect people of all ages and is more common in women than men. The cause of Granuloma annulare is unknown but it may be related to immune system dysfunction. Treatment options for Granuloma annulare include topical creams, injections, and light therapy.

Gout

Gout is a common and painful form of arthritis that is caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, tendons, and surrounding tissues. Symptoms of gout include sudden and severe joint pain, swelling, warmth, and redness. Treatment for gout includes medications to relieve pain and inflammation, lifestyle changes to help prevent future attacks, and dietary modifications.

Granulomatous rosacea

Granulomatous rosacea is a rare subtype of rosacea that is characterized by small, red, and raised papules on the face. The cause of granulomatous rosacea is unknown but it may be related to an abnormal immune response. Treatment options for granulomatous rosacea include topical and oral antibiotics, as well as anti-inflammatory medications.

See also  Diseases That Start With K

Geographic tongue

Geographic tongue, also known as benign migratory glossitis, is a harmless condition in which patches on the tongue lose their papillae and become flat, giving the tongue a map-like appearance. The cause of geographic tongue is unknown but it may be related to genetic factors or stress. Treatment for geographic tongue is usually not necessary but can include medications to relieve symptoms.

Glossopharyngeal neuralgia

Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is a rare but very painful condition that is caused by irritation or damage to the glossopharyngeal nerve, which supplies sensation to the back of the throat, tongue, and ear. Symptoms of glossopharyngeal neuralgia include severe, stabbing pain in the back of the throat, tongue, and ear. Treatment for glossopharyngeal neuralgia includes medications to relieve pain and, in severe cases, surgery.

Geleophysic dwarfism

Geleophysic dwarfism is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by short stature, restricted joint movement, and abnormalities of the facial features and internal organs. Symptoms of geleophysic dwarfism can include difficulty breathing, heart problems, and vision and hearing loss. Treatment options for geleophysic dwarfism are limited and focus on managing symptoms.

Generalized seizure

A generalized seizure, also known as a grand mal seizure, is a seizure that involves the entire brain, rather than just one part. Symptoms of a generalized seizure include loss of consciousness, stiffening of the body, shaking or convulsions, and confusion after regaining consciousness. Treatment for generalized seizures includes medications, lifestyle modifications, and, in severe cases, surgery.

Glycogenosis type V

Glycogenosis type V, also known as McArdle disease, is a rare genetic disorder in which the body is unable to properly break down glycogen, a source of energy in the muscles. Symptoms of glycogenosis type V can include muscle cramps, weakness, and even breakdown of muscle tissue. Treatment for glycogenosis type V includes lifestyle modifications, such as avoiding strenuous exercise, and medications to manage symptoms.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a common and mild form of gum disease that is caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth and gums. Symptoms of gingivitis include swollen, red, and bleeding gums, bad breath, and receding gums. Treatment for gingivitis includes professional dental cleaning, improved oral hygiene, and, in severe cases, antibiotics.

Glomerulosclerosis

Glomerulosclerosis is a condition in which scar tissue forms within the glomeruli, the small blood vessels in the kidneys that filter waste from the blood. This can cause a decline in kidney function and lead to chronic kidney disease. Symptoms of glomerulosclerosis can include high blood pressure, swelling of the legs and ankles, and decreased urine output. Treatment for glomerulosclerosis includes medications to manage symptoms and, in severe cases, dialysis or kidney transplant.

Gliosarcoma

Gliosarcoma is a rare and aggressive form of brain cancer that is characterized by the growth of both glioma and sarcoma cells within the brain. Symptoms of gliosarcoma can include seizures, headaches, and changes in behavior or cognitive function. Treatment for gliosarcoma often involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Glutathione synthetase deficiency

Glutathione synthetase deficiency is a rare genetic disorder in which the body is unable to produce the antioxidant glutathione, which helps protect cells from damage. Symptoms of glutathione synthetase deficiency can include anemia, increased risk of infections, and neurological problems. Treatment for glutathione synthetase deficiency includes medications to manage symptoms and dietary modifications.

GAPO syndrome

GAPO syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder that is characterized by growth retardation, intellectual disability, and abnormalities of the bones and facial features. Symptoms of GAPO syndrome can include short stature, distinctive facial features, hearing loss, and developmental delay. Treatment options for GAPO syndrome are limited and focus on managing symptoms.

Glioblastoma multiforme

Glioblastoma multiforme is a common and aggressive form of brain cancer that is characterized by the growth of malignant glial cells within the brain. Symptoms of glioblastoma multiforme can include headaches, seizures, and changes in behavior or cognitive function. Treatment for glioblastoma multiforme often involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis is a condition in which inflammation occurs in the glomeruli, the small blood vessels in the kidneys that filter waste from the blood. This can cause a decline in kidney function and lead to chronic kidney disease. Symptoms of glomerulonephritis can include blood in the urine, swelling of the face and legs, and high blood pressure. Treatment for glomerulonephritis includes medications and lifestyle changes to manage symptoms and prevent further kidney damage.

Goldenhar syndrome

Goldenhar syndrome, also known as oculoauriculovertebral spectrum, is a rare congenital condition that is characterized by abnormalities of the eyes, ears, and spine. Symptoms of Goldenhar syndrome can include asymmetrical facial features, hearing loss, and spinal deformities. Treatment for Goldenhar syndrome is based on individual symptoms and can include surgery, hearing aids, and physical therapy.

See also  Diseases That Start With I

Gitelman syndrome

Gitelman syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by low levels of potassium and magnesium in the blood, as well as salt wasting and high blood pressure. Symptoms of Gitelman syndrome can include muscle weakness, fatigue, and kidney stones. Treatment for Gitelman syndrome includes potassium and magnesium supplements, as well as medications to manage blood pressure and prevent complications.

German syndrome

A rare congenital disorder that affects the spinal cord and brain, leading to intellectual disability and physical abnormalities.

Gerodermia osteodysplastica

A rare inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by skin abnormalities, skeletal deformities, short stature, and intellectual disabilities.

Gangrene

A condition that occurs when body tissues die and become gangrenous, most often due to reduced blood flow or infection.

Galactokinase deficiency

A rare genetic disorder that impairs the body’s ability to process galactose, leading to accumulation of this sugar in the body and resulting health complications.

Gestational pemphigoid

A skin disorder that affects pregnant women and manifests as itchy blisters, hives, or rashes that usually occur on the abdomen or limbs.

Gangliosidosis

A group of inherited metabolic disorders that result in the abnormal accumulation of gangliosides in various organs and tissues, leading to neurological and physical problems.

Glossophobia

An extreme fear of public speaking or speaking in general, which can lead to anxiety, stress, and decreased quality of life.

Griscelli disease

A rare genetic disorder characterized by pigment problems, immune dysfunction, and neurological impairment, which can be fatal in some cases.

Gastroenteritis

An infection or inflammation of the digestive tract, commonly caused by a virus, bacteria, or parasite, which leads to diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain.

Ganser syndrome

A rare mental disorder that involves giving approximate answers to questions or acting confused or disoriented, often in the context of a stressful situation.

Glycogenosis type II

An inherited metabolic disorder that impairs the body’s ability to break down glycogen, leading to muscle weakness, respiratory problems, and heart enlargement.

Gonadal dysgenesis

A condition in which the ovaries or testes do not develop properly, leading to infertility, sexual abnormalities, and other health complications.

Gray platelet syndrome

A rare bleeding disorder characterized by a low platelet count and grayish-blue appearance of platelets, which can result in increased bleeding and bruising.

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, a chronic digestive disorder characterized by acid reflux, heartburn, and other symptoms, which can lead to complications if left untreated.

Gelineau disease

A rare sleep disorder characterized by episodes of deep sleep during the day, sleep paralysis, and hallucinations, which can interfere with daily functioning.

Gestational trophoblastic disease

A group of tumors that develop in the cells that normally form the placenta during pregnancy, which can lead to abnormal vaginal bleeding, high levels of hCG, and other symptoms.

Glanzmann thrombasthenia

A rare bleeding disorder characterized by a lack of platelet function, which can result in bleeding that is difficult to control and may require transfusions of platelets or other blood products.

Gastric lymphoma

A cancer that originates in the stomach and affects lymphocytes, which are cells that help fight infection and disease.

Great vessels transposition

A congenital heart defect in which the major blood vessels that carry blood to and from the heart are switched, leading to decreased oxygen supply to the body.

Gender dysphoria

A condition in which a person experiences distress due to a mismatch between their gender identity and the sex they were assigned at birth, which can lead to social, emotional, and physical problems.

Goodpasture pneumorenal syndrome

An autoimmune disorder that affects the lungs and kidneys, leading to inflammation, scarring, and damage to these organs.

Glycogen storage disease

A group of inherited metabolic disorders that affect glycogen metabolism, leading to abnormal storage of this substance in various organs and tissues and causing a range of symptoms.

Galactocoele

A rare benign breast condition characterized by a fluid-filled cyst in the breast, which can cause discomfort and swelling.

Galactosemia

An inherited metabolic disorder that impairs the body’s ability to process galactose, leading to accumulation of this sugar in the body and resulting health complications.

Gemss syndrome

A rare genetic disorder that affects the development of the skeleton, leading to abnormal bone growth, joint stiffness, and other physical symptoms.

Glucose-galactose malabsorption

A rare digestive disorder in which the body is unable to absorb glucose and galactose from food, leading to diarrhea, dehydration, and other problems.

Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency

An inherited metabolic disorder that impairs the body’s ability to break down certain amino acids, leading to neurological problems, muscle weakness, and other symptoms.

Genu varum

A condition in which the legs appear bowed outward, which can be a normal variant in children or a sign of underlying bone or joint problems in adults.

See also  Diseases That Start With C

GMS syndrome

A genetic disorder characterized by intellectual disability, seizures and other physical abnormalities.

Glycogenosis

A group of inherited metabolic disorders in which the body cannot break down glycogen properly, resulting in a buildup of glycogen in certain tissues.

Giant axonal neuropathy

A rare, inherited neurological disorder that affects the nerve fibers, leading to severe peripheral neuropathy.

Guillain

A rare autoimmune disorder that affects the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord, leading to muscle weakness, tingling, and sometimes paralysis.

Glycosuria

A condition characterized by the presence of glucose in the urine, often indicating high blood sugar levels and diabetes.

Generalized anxiety disorder

A mental health disorder characterized by excessive and persistent worry or fear about everyday situations, often leading to avoidance behaviors.

Galactorrhea hyperprolactinemia

A hormonal disorder in which the pituitary gland produces too much prolactin, leading to breast milk production in non-pregnant individuals.

Galloway Mowat syndrome

A rare genetic disorder characterized by the development of brain abnormalities, kidney disease, and intellectual disability.

Granulocytopenia

A condition in which the body produces too few white blood cells, leading to an increased risk of infections.

Gastric dumping syndrome

A condition in which the stomach contents empty too quickly into the small intestine, leading to symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Genital herpes

A sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus, characterized by painful genital sores or blisters.

Glioblastoma

The most aggressive type of brain tumor, characterized by fast-growing cells that spread quickly and are difficult to treat.

Greenberg dysplasia

A rare genetic disorder characterized by skeletal abnormalities, short limbs, and a narrow chest.

Gymnophobia

An irrational fear or anxiety related to nudity or being seen naked.

Ganglioglioma

A rare type of tumor that affects the brain and spinal cord, often causing seizures and other neurological symptoms.

Gynecomastia

A hormonal condition characterized by the development of breast tissue in males.

Giant papillary conjunctivitis

An allergic reaction in which the eyelids become inflamed, causing discomfort and irritation.

Gastrocutaneous syndrome

A genetic disorder characterized by the development of abdominal wall defects and abnormalities in the digestive system.

Giant platelet syndrome

A rare blood disorder characterized by abnormally large platelets, which can lead to bleeding disorders and other health problems.

Glioma

A type of brain tumor that develops from the glial cells, often causing symptoms such as headaches, seizures, and weakness.

Gigantism

A hormonal disorder characterized by excessive growth hormone production, leading to abnormal growth patterns and extreme height.

Gerstmann syndrome

A rare neurological disorder characterized by a variety of symptoms, including difficulty with spelling, reading, and identifying the fingers.

Glucagonoma

A rare pancreatic tumor that produces too much glucagon, leading to a variety of symptoms such as diabetes, skin rash, and weight loss.

Gordon syndrome

A rare genetic disorder characterized by an inability to move certain muscles and joint contractures.

Gestational diabetes mellitus

A type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy, often leading to high blood sugar levels and increased risk of complications for both mother and baby.

Gonorrhea

A sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae, characterized by genital discharge, pain, and inflammation.

Genee-Wiedemann syndrome

A rare genetic disorder characterized by skeletal abnormalities, a cleft palate, and other physical abnormalities.

Giant congenital nevi

Large, pigmented birthmarks that cover a significant amount of the body, increasing the risk of skin cancer.

Gianotti-Crosti syndrome

A viral infection that causes a distinctive skin rash on the arms, legs, and face, often affecting young children.

Goltz syndrome

A genetic disorder affecting both male and female, characterized by skin abnormalities and skeletal malformations.

Glossodynia

Also known as Burning Mouth Syndrome, is a chronic pain disorder affecting the tongue and mouth.

Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency

A metabolic disorder that impairs the production of creatine, leading to developmental delays and intellectual disability.

Gliomatosis cerebri

A rare and aggressive brain tumor that infiltrates the brain tissue, making it difficult to treat.

Goitre

An enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by iodine deficiency, thyroid disease, or other factors.

Gamstorp episodic adynamy

A rare genetic disorder characterized by sudden episodes of weakness and fatigue in the legs.

Glycogenosis type IV

A rare genetic disorder that affects glycogen accumulation, leading to weakness, respiratory and cardiac problems.

Giardiasis

An infection caused by the Giardia parasite, resulting in diarrhea, stomach cramps, and nausea.

Gonococcal conjunctivitis

A bacterial infection of the eye caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, commonly transmitted sexually.

Gastroesophageal reflux

A chronic condition characterized by acid reflux from the stomach to the esophagus, leading to heartburn and other symptoms.

Giant cell arteritis

An inflammatory disorder affecting blood vessels in the head, leading to headaches, vision loss, and other complications.

Growth hormone deficiency

A condition resulting from a lack of growth hormone, causing short stature and other symptoms.

Gougerot

Also known as Sjogren’s syndrome, is a chronic autoimmune disorder affecting the salivary and lacrimal glands.

Gonadal dysgenesis mixed

A genetic disorder affecting reproductive development, leading to ambiguous genitalia and infertility.

Glucocorticoid resistance

A rare genetic disorder that prevents the body from responding to cortisol, leading to chronic inflammation and other complications.

Gaucher disease

A rare genetic disorder that inhibits the body’s ability to break down a fatty substance, leading to liver enlargement, anemia, and bone problems.

Gloomy face syndrome

A poorly understood condition characterized by a flat and dull facial expression.

Giant cell myocarditis

A rare and life-threatening form of myocarditis affecting the heart muscle, often requiring heart transplantation.

Galactorrhea

A condition characterized by the production of breast milk unrelated to pregnancy or nursing.

Gyrate atrophy

A genetic disorder that affects the retina, leading to vision loss and other eye problems.

Gittings syndrome

A rare neurological disorder characterized by involuntary head movements known as head-bobbing.

Genital retraction syndrome

A condition that causes the penis or clitoris to retract into the body cavity, often caused by a psychological or neurological disorder.

Wrapping Up

And that’s our list of G diseases.

When I set out to compile a detailed list of all medical conditions for each alphabet, I knew it was going to be a daunting task. My approach was to start with an extensive search of medical terminologies to ensure that each disease was categorized correctly. Then, I verified each medical term by consulting various medical journals and websites.

As we come to the end of our analysis on the topic of diseases, it is evident that they have a far-reaching impact on human health, society, and economies. They erode quality of life and burden healthcare systems, which can lead to long-term suffering and economic losses. Therefore, it’s important for individuals, communities, and governments to work together in addressing this challenge.

Hope this post on diseases beginning with G alphabet has been useful to you!