Diseases That Start With E

Diseases That Start With E

Step into the world of diseases that start with E with our post today.

The vast array of diseases that exist today make up a complicated aspect of human health and the field of medicine. Diseases can affect individuals of all ages, areas, and societies, and can lead to severe health concerns such as organ failure and premature death. They can derive from a variety of sources including infectious agents, lifestyle choices, or genetic predispositions. Diagnosis and management of diseases require the expertise of highly skilled medical professionals and innovative health technologies to improve patient outcomes.

My approach to creating a list of diseases that started with every alphabet was systematic and thorough. I began by studying various medical databases and cross-referencing them to ensure that each medical condition was correctly categorized and that I did not miss adding any disease that started with each alphabet.

So, let’s begin exploring this list of diseases starting with E!


108 Diseases That Start With E

And here’s the list of diseases that begin with E letter.


Erythroblastopenia is a rare medical condition characterized by a deficiency in the number of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in circulation. This results in anemia, which is associated with reduced oxygen transport and can lead to fatigue, weakness, and complications such as heart failure. The condition can be caused by a variety of factors, including viral infections, autoimmune disorders, and environmental toxins. Treatment typically involves the use of blood transfusions, immunosuppressive medications, and supportive care.

Exfoliative dermatitis

Exfoliative dermatitis is a severe inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by widespread erythema, scaling, and shedding of skin. It is often accompanied by fever, malaise, and other systemic symptoms, and can be life-threatening if left untreated. The condition is usually caused by an underlying disease or drug reaction, and treatment involves discontinuing any offending medications and administering supportive care, including hydration, wound care, and pain management.


Elephantiasis is a chronic and debilitating condition that is characterized by the severe enlargement of limbs and other body parts due to lymphatic obstruction. It is most commonly caused by a parasitic infection known as lymphatic filariasis, which is transmitted by mosquitoes in endemic regions. The condition can also be caused by other factors, such as trauma, cancer, or surgery. Treatment options include surgical intervention, compression therapy, and antibiotic medications.


Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by itchy, inflamed, and scaly skin. It is most commonly seen in children, but can affect individuals of any age. The condition is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, and treatment involves the use of topical or oral anti-inflammatory medications, as well as avoidance of triggers such as certain foods or fabrics.

Exogenous lipoid pneumonia

Exogenous lipoid pneumonia is a rare type of pneumonia that is caused by the inhalation or aspiration of lipid-containing substances, such as oils or greases. This leads to an inflammatory response in the lungs, which can result in cough, fever, and shortness of breath. The condition is commonly seen in individuals who work with oils or oily substances, and treatment involves discontinuing exposure and administering supportive care, such as oxygen therapy and antibiotics.

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Ethylmalonic adipic aciduria

Ethylmalonic adipic aciduria is a rare metabolic disorder that is caused by a deficiency in the enzyme that breaks down certain fats and amino acids. This leads to an accumulation of toxic compounds in the body, which can cause a variety of symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, and developmental delays. There is currently no cure for the condition, and treatment involves the management of symptoms and nutritional support.

Echovirus infection

Echovirus infection is a common type of viral infection that is transmitted through contact with infected feces or respiratory secretions. The virus can cause a range of symptoms, including fever, headache, muscle aches, and rash. In some cases, it can also lead to more severe complications, such as meningitis or encephalitis. Treatment involves the management of symptoms and supportive care, including hydration and pain management.


Erb’s palsy is a type of brachial plexus injury that is caused by trauma to the nerves that control the shoulder, arm, and hand. This can result in weakness or paralysis on one side of the body, and can be associated with other symptoms such as shoulder deformity or abnormal muscle contractions. Treatment involves physical therapy, medication, and, in severe cases, surgical intervention.

Essential thrombocytosis

Essential thrombocytosis is a type of blood disorder that is characterized by an overproduction of platelets, which are essential for blood clotting. This can lead to the formation of blood clots, which can cause a variety of complications, such as stroke, heart attack, or deep vein thrombosis. Treatment involves the use of blood thinners and other medications to regulate platelet production and prevent clotting.

Escherichia coli infection

Escherichia coli infection is a common type of bacterial infection that can affect the gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, or other body systems. It is typically transmitted through contaminated food or water, and can cause a range of symptoms, including diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. In severe cases, it can lead to more serious complications, such as kidney failure or sepsis. Treatment involves the use of antibiotics and supportive care, such as hydration and electrolyte management.


Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy is a rare genetic condition that is characterized by muscle weakness and wasting, particularly in the arms and legs. It is caused by mutations in genes that control muscle function, and can be associated with other symptoms such as joint contractures, cardiac abnormalities, and respiratory problems. Treatment involves physical therapy and supportive care, such as the use of mobility aids and respiratory support.

Eiken syndrome

Eiken syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by skeletal abnormalities, such as short stature, bowed limbs, and hip dysplasia. It is caused by mutations in a gene that is involved in bone development and growth, and can be associated with other symptoms such as hearing loss and developmental delays. Treatment involves the management of symptoms and supportive care, such as the use of mobility aids and physical therapy.

Eosinophilic myocarditis

Eosinophilic myocarditis is a rare type of inflammatory heart disease that is characterized by the infiltration of eosinophils, a type of white blood cell, into heart muscle tissue. This can lead to a range of symptoms, such as chest pain, palpitations, and heart failure. The condition can be caused by a variety of factors, including drug reactions, parasites, and autoimmune disorders, and treatment involves the use of immunosuppressive medications and supportive care.

Encephalocele anencephaly

Encephalocele and anencephaly are two related birth defects that affect the development of the brain and skull. Encephalocele is characterized by a sac-like protrusion of the brain through a hole in the skull, while anencephaly is a more severe condition in which most of the brain and skull are missing. Both conditions can be associated with other abnormalities, such as spinal defects and hydrocephalus. Treatment involves supportive care, including hydration, nutrition, and surgical intervention.


Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by an inability to metabolize certain proteins involved in the creation of hemoglobin, which carries oxygen in the blood. This leads to a buildup of toxic compounds that can cause a range of symptoms, including severe photosensitivity, pain, and swelling. Treatment involves the avoidance of sunlight and other triggers, as well as the use of medication to manage symptoms.

Empty sella syndrome

Empty sella syndrome is a condition in which the pituitary gland becomes flattened and compressed within the skull, leading to hormonal imbalances and a range of symptoms. The condition can be caused by a variety of factors, including trauma, radiation, and surgery, and is often associated with other conditions such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. Treatment involves the management of symptoms and hormonal therapy.

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Epicondylitis, commonly known as tennis elbow or golfer’s elbow, is a type of tendinitis that affects the elbow joint. It is characterized by pain and tenderness on the outside (tennis elbow) or inside (golfer’s elbow) of the elbow, and can be caused by repetitive motions or overuse of the forearm muscles. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and the use of anti-inflammatory medications.


Ependymoblastoma is a rare and aggressive type of brain cancer that is most commonly seen in children. It is characterized by the rapid and uncontrolled growth of tumor cells in the brain or spinal cord, which can lead to a variety of symptoms such as seizures, headaches, and vision problems. Treatment involves surgical intervention, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by a high susceptibility to viral infections, particularly human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. This leads to the formation of wart-like growths on the skin and an increased risk of skin cancer. Treatment involves the use of medications to control viral infections and the removal of lesions through surgical or laser treatments.

Ectopia lentis

Ectopia lentis is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by the partial or complete displacement of the lens of the eye from its normal position. This can lead to a range of symptoms, such as blurred vision, double vision, and cataracts. The condition can be caused by mutations in genes that control eye development and function, and treatment involves surgical intervention and corrective lenses.

Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma

A rare type of salivary gland cancer with characteristics of both epithelial and myoepithelial cells.


Also known as pinworm infection, a common intestinal parasitic infection caused by a small, white worm.


A type of eye disorder characterized by an inward deviation of the eye.


An oral erythematous lesion that may indicate early-stage oral cancer or precancerous conditions.


A rare type of cancer that begins in the nerve cells responsible for the sense of smell.


A rare genetic disorder that impairs the body’s ability to absorb zinc.


A highly infectious disease caused by the Ebola virus leading to severe hemorrhagic fever and often fatal outcomes.

Eisenmenger syndrome

A congenital heart defect that causes blood to flow abnormally within the heart causing pulmonary hypertension and cyanosis.

Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia

A rare autoimmune disorder characterized by abnormal proteins called cryoglobulins that thicken the blood and cause inflammation.


Morbid fear of work and the workplace environment.

Erythropoietic protoporphyria

A rare inherited blood disorder that causes photosensitivity and painful skin reactions to sunlight.


An irrational fear of vomiting or seeing other people vomit.

Erythrokeratodermia ataxia

An inherited skin disorder that affects skin color, causing redness and rough patches, along with uncoordinated movements.

Endomyocardial fibrosis

A rare type of heart disease characterized by the abnormal thickening or scarring of the heart muscle.


A condition in which abnormally high concentrations of eosinophils are present in the blood.

Esophageal varices

Enlarged veins in the esophagus requiring medical attention because they can burst and cause bleeding.

Esophageal atresia

A congenital defect where the esophagus is not connected to the stomach, causing feeding problems in newborns.


A disorder of the endocrine glands often resulting in either overproduction or underproduction of hormones.


A general term that refers to any disease that affects the function of the brain.

Ectopia cordis

A rare congenital defect in which the heart is located partially or entirely outside of the chest.


The opposite of esophoria, a condition in which one eye has a tendency to drift outwards.

Eosinophilic cystitis

A rare inflammatory bladder disorder in which the lining of the bladder is infiltrated by eosinophils.

Esophageal neoplasm

A tumor growth in the esophagus, which can be either benign or cancerous.

Erythrokeratodermia with ataxia

A rare inherited disorder that affects both the skin and nervous system and is characterized by red, scaly patches and difficulty with coordination.

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis

An inflammatory disorder of the digestive tract in which eosinophils accumulate in various parts of the digestive system.

Elejalde syndrome

A rare, inherited disorder that causes redness and scaling of the skin on the scalp, face, and neck, along with mental retardation.

Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis

A disease model used to study multiple sclerosis in laboratory animals.

Exercise induced anaphylaxis

An allergic reaction that leads to wheezing, itching, and hives, usually brought on by physical activity.

Essential thrombocythemia

A rare blood disorder in which the bone marrow produces too many platelets.

Essential hypertension

High blood pressure with no known cause or underlying medical condition leading to serious health complications.

Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita

A rare autoimmune blistering disease, characterized by subepidermal blisters due to autoantibodies binding to type VII collagen.


A rare genetic disorder characterized by the absence or fusion of digits leading to claw-like hands or feet.


A neural tube defect resulting in a sac-like structure protruding from the skull due to incomplete closure of the neural tube.

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A chronic fungal infection that results in soft tissue swelling and bone destruction, typically affecting the foot.

Enolase deficiency

A rare metabolic disorder that affects the breakdown of sugars in the body, leading to neurological symptoms and developmental delays.

Endocardial fibroelastosis

A rare heart condition characterized by the buildup of fibrous and elastic tissue on the endocardium, leading to heart failure.


A condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus, leading to pain and potential infertility.


A bulging or protrusion of the eye, typically caused by Graves’ disease or other conditions affecting the thyroid gland.


An inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, typically caused by a viral or autoimmune infection.

Epimerase deficiency

A rare genetic disorder affecting the metabolism of galactose, leading to developmental delays and other symptoms.

Erectile dysfunction

A condition in which a man is unable to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse.

Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis

A rare skin condition characterized by itchy, pus-filled bumps, typically occurring on the scalp and face.

Essential thrombocytopenia

A blood disorder characterized by a decrease in platelets, leading to an increased risk of bleeding and bruising.


An inflammation of the lining of the heart and heart valves, typically caused by bacterial infection.

Ebola virus disease

A severe and often fatal viral hemorrhagic fever, typically transmitted through contact with infected bodily fluids.


A fear or phobia of needles or injections, potentially leading to anxiety and avoidance of medical procedures.


A bacterial skin infection typically caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, resulting in red, swollen patches on the skin.

Epidermolysis bullosa

A group of rare genetic disorders that result in fragile, blistering skin and mucous membranes due to defects in proteins that anchor the skin layers together.

Eosinophilic granuloma

A rare disorder characterized by the disruption and destruction of bone tissue, most commonly occurring in the skull and other bones of the face.


Bony growths or protrusions that develop on the bones, typically occurring on the long bones, ribs, or skull.

Ethylmalonic aciduria

A rare metabolic disorder that affects the breakdown of fats and amino acids, leading to neurological symptoms and developmental delay.


A type of strabismus or misalignment of the eyes in which one eye turns inward towards the nose.

Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis

A genetic skin disorder characterized by thickened, scaly skin due to defective keratin proteins.

Epidermoid carcinoma

A type of cancer that develops in the epidermal cells of the skin or other tissues, typically occurring in the head and neck.


An inflammation of the epididymis, a tube located behind the testicle that carries and stores sperm.

Ectodermal dysplasia

A group of genetic disorders that affect the development of hair, teeth, nails, and sweat glands.

Epidemic encephalitis

An infection of the brain and nervous system typically spread by mosquitoes or ticks, leading to neurological symptoms and potential paralysis.


A rare disorder characterized by burning pain, swelling, and redness in the hands and feet, typically triggered by heat or exercise.

Eec syndrome

A rare genetic disorder characterized by the absence of sweat glands, the fusion of fingers and toes, and other developmental abnormalities.


A tickborne disease that results in flu-like symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, and headaches.


A condition that damages the air sacs in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe.

Epilepsia partialis continua

A type of epilepsy where the patient experiences repetitive, involuntary muscle movements.

Epilepsy juvenile absence

A type of epilepsy that results in brief periods of staring and unresponsiveness.

Ekbom syndrome

A condition where the patient experiences delusions of bugs crawling on or under their skin.


An intense fear of horses or other equines.

Encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis

A rare neurological disorder that affects the brain, skin, and eyes.

Erdheim disease

A rare condition that causes the growth of abnormal cells in the organs and tissues of the body.

Eunuchoidism familial

A genetic condition that affects male development and results in a tall, thin build.

Egg hypersensitivity

An allergic reaction to eggs that can cause symptoms such as hives, swelling, and difficulty breathing.

Ear infection

A condition that occurs when the middle ear becomes inflamed from a viral or bacterial infection.

Encephalitis lethargica

A rare and serious neurological disorder that causes inflammation of the brain.


A condition where a child or adult is unable to control bowel movements and has repeated involuntary soiling.

Elective mutism

A condition where a person chooses not to speak in certain situations, often due to anxiety or trauma.


A fungal infection that affects the sinuses and other tissues of the body.


A neurological disorder that causes seizures or convulsions.

Erythrokeratolysis hiemalis ichthyosis

A rare skin disorder that causes red, scaly patches and thickened skin.

Erythema nodosum

A skin condition that causes painful, red bumps to appear on the legs.

Erythema multiforme

An allergic skin reaction that causes red, blistering lesions to appear on the body.

Essential iris atrophy

A rare eye condition that causes the iris to shrink and become discolored.


A rare bone disorder that causes benign tumors to grow within the bones.

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

A group of genetic disorders that affect the body’s connective tissues, causing hypermobility and skin that is easily bruised and stretched.


A type of brain tumor that arises in the cells lining the fluid-filled spaces in the brain and spinal cord.

Ectopic pregnancy

A pregnancy that occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube.


A rare condition that causes episodes of intense burning pain, redness, and heat in the feet or hands.

Exploding head syndrome

A condition where a person hears loud noises in their head as they are falling asleep or waking up.

Extrapyramidal disorder

A group of movement disorders that can result from damage to the brain or exposure to certain medications.

Eem syndrome

A rare genetic disorder that causes abnormalities in the eyes, ears, and mouth.

Exner syndrome

A rare condition where the patient experiences eye pain and swelling due to inflammation of the eyelids.

Wrapping Up

And that’s our list of E diseases.

The process of creating a list of diseases that started with every alphabet required patience, an eye for detail, and an extensive knowledge of medical terms. I meticulously researched and reviewed each medical terminology to ensure that every disease was accurately categorized by the first letter of the name.

The analysis of diseases reveals the critical role that scientific research plays in reducing the spread of infections and discovering effective treatments. It’s essential to empower healthcare professionals and researchers to pursue innovative thinking as solutions are found to tackle these modern-day challenges. Therefore, all stakeholders must work together to develop policies to combat diseases, allowing us to maintain a healthy existence.

Hope this post on diseases beginning with E alphabet has been useful to you!